Did you know you know being underweight can be unhealthy as being obese? Since your body has a lesser body mass required to sustain your optimal health.
You are prone to infections, fertility issues, early deaths, impaired immune systems, and higher risks of Dementia.
Most people are naturally skinny but healthy. Before deciding to gain weight, you need to visit your doctor to determine the underlying cause of your weight loss or being underweight.
Gaining weight is not as easy even if you eat junk foods regularly. It is challenging as the kind of food you eat, including junk and fatty foods, may negatively affect your health.
To gain a balanced amount of muscle and subcutaneous fat without resulting in unhealthy belly fat, you need to do it right.
It is essential to change your lifestyle into a healthy one to get the best results.
What causes underweight?
Being underweight does not mean you are unhealthy. Various conditions may cause drastic weight loss. They include:
Genetics- Some people have a naturally low BMI due to their family’s physical characteristics.
Poor mental health
Issues with mental health such as stress, depression, and anxiety can affect an individual’s appetite and ability to eat.
Some diseases causing diarrhea and vomiting make it hard to gain weight. Chronic illnesses such as Cancer, Diabetes, Digestive Issues, and Thyroid disorders decrease a person’s appetite leading to massive weight loss.
Infections including HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis make it challenging to add some pounds.
Certain medicines can cause nausea and affect appetite. Treatments such as Chemotherapy tamper with your eating regime are worsening weight loss.
An attack on your hormones may affect your appetite and metabolic rate leading to weight loss.
Too many activities such as frequent exercises and workouts may burn many calories, working against your weight gain aim.
Why is being Underweight a danger?
While being underweight does not mean unhealthy, there are issues associated with having less weight and body mass to support your health.
- Impaired Immune System: Since your body does not have enough nutrients to store energy, it lacks the strength to fight off infections and illnesses, leading to falling sick regularly. It may also affect your immune by slowing its recovery after being sick.
- Nutritional Deficiencies: Being underweight mostly means you do not have enough nutrients in your body required for proper functioning. For example, lack of calcium may lead to weaker bones leading to Osteoporosis, while iron deficiency may cause Anemia.
- Anemia: This condition is likely to be caused by a lack of enough Vitamins, Folate and Iron. You will experience dizziness, headaches, and fatigue.
- Hair loss: Being underweight can cause your hair to thin and fall out.
- Increased risk of Dementia
- Increased fertility issues in women
- Bone weakness
9 Tips to gain weight fast
Gaining weight is not simple and may require consistency in lifestyle changes and diet. It would help if you chose what you eat correctly to receive better results instantly.
Aim to gain weight gradually until you reach your required consequence. During this period, do not rely on sugary, high-calorie foods full of saturated fat, including sugary drinks, cakes, chocolate, and chips, as they will negatively affect your health.
However, for the tips to be useful, you may need to see a doctor to know the reason for your condition or a dietician for the best meal plans and diet.
Consider the following for extra pounds:
Double your food Intake
Starting to get more food into your system may not be easy. For instance, if you take three meals per day, you can increase food quantity by eating 5 to 6 times a day, each meal in equal portions.
It may be challenging during the first weeks, but you will be amazed by the results as taking extra calories may add an extra pound each week.
Ensure you add five portions of fruits and vegetables daily.
Eat plenty of protein.
Protein is among the most critical nutrient for gaining healthy weight and building muscle.
The muscle of protein, and without it, most of the extra calories we eat end up as body fat.
Eating high protein foods, including meats, fish, eggs, dairy products, legumes, nuts, and protein bars, helps you gain weight without adding fat by boosting muscle mass.
To do it right, aim for 0.7-1 gram of protein per pound of bodyweight 1.5-2.2 grams of proteins per kilogram. You can go above if your calorie intake is high.
Drink lots of water
Water is an important part of a healthy being. You may be wondering how water may aid in weight gain or what role it plays in adding an extra pound.
But the fact is, dehydration is one of the top causes of fitness challenges. Having the required amount of water each day helps you with the energy required to get to the extra weight you need.
Drinking at least eight glasses or more daily will help you gain weight. However, ensure you avoid drinking water before your meals as that leaves you eating little.
Have snacks before bed
Eating a snack or a small meal before getting to bed is ideal for your weight gain. Having whole-grain and high protein snacks with higher calories is suitable for extra pounds.
Since your body builds muscle during sleep, having a snack before dozing off supplies your body with nutrients that help it build enough lean muscle.
You can snack on dessert, ice cream, nuts such as raisins and almonds, cereal bars, peanut butter, yogurt, and bananas.
Exercises are effective for keeping you fit and healthy. However, in excess, they will burn more calories that may lead to weight loss.
To gain extra pounds while engaging in activities and workouts, you can include strength training and resistance exercises. Incorporate weightlifting and Yoga to gain lean muscle and bound fat gains.
Moreover, exercises such as squats, deadlifts, twist curls, military press, bench press, and dips greatly increase your weight with consistency.
Have enough rest and sleep
Sleep is a vital part of your brain, metabolism, and performance, including weight gain. When at rest, your muscles have all the time to renovate, rebuild, and strengthen.
Having an 8-hour sleep every day and a break for rest will help you get the profit of your weight gain diet.
Eat more calories
The number of calories you take every day will guarantee you extra or fewer pounds. If you need to gain weight, you need to increase the calories you take daily.
For instance, if you consume 1000 calories, you may need to add 500 more calories than the body burns to gain weight quickly. That would mean 1500 calories per day.
It is important to select high-calorie and nutrient-dense foods, including avocados, nuts, nuts, butter, soups, potatoes, and seeds, to boost your calorie intake.
Get treatment for underlying conditions.
If you are underweight, it is ideal to find out what is causing your condition or why you might be losing weight. There are various medications, treatments, and diseases that may affect your weight gain process.
Talking to your doctor to rule out any issue may help you start a healthier way of gaining weight. Visiting a dietitian can give you insights into the right diet plans you can use to achieve your goal.
Choose your foods wisely.
Getting the right food is an important part of any weight gain process. Since it is a gradual process and involves the whole body growing a few inches, there is a need for healthy and nutrient-filled foods.
Ensure you limit foods rich in fiber, high in salt, added sugar, processed food, refined oils, refined grains, and processed meats.
On the other hand, you should increase the intake of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, meat, legumes, eggs, fish, poultry, seeds, dairy products, rice, and extra virgin oil for a healthier weight gain.
Adding weight is not an easy process taking days or weeks. Depending on your body’s metabolism, you will require several months or years to reach your healthy weight.
You need to commit and follow daily diet routines and exercises for the best results. It is not a walk in the park, but you need to remain motivated.
It is a gradual process, and you should not expect miracles.
It is important to eat the right foods, significantly increase your calorie intake, double your food intake daily, snack, exercise, choose your food, drink water, and eat more protein. Changing your lifestyle starts with you for a healthier you.
How Will Twitter Make Money Under Elon Musk?
A Look at the Currently Proposed Options
So after week two of the Elon Musk Twitter drama, we’re left in a state of limbo, as we await the final approvals for the deal, which will eventually make Musk the head honcho at a private Twitter; which may or may not run ads anymore, may or may not allow all types of racist, homophobic and abusive speech, and may or may not be able to, one day, actually make money, despite these changes.
And we have little to go on right now as to how it will impact the company, and the platform as we know it. What we do know is that Twitter employees are increasingly nervous about their jobs, and the business that they may end up working for under Musk, while we’ve also had some slight hints as to how Musk plans to change the app.
To be clear, Twitter is not a charity, and after spending $44 billion on the app, Elon Musk will be looking for ways to maximize Twitter’s revenue intake, and recoup at least some of that cost. In a recent interview, Musk said that doesn’t care about the economics of the deal at all, and that his driving mission is to run “a public platform that is maximally trusted and broadly inclusive”.
But with huge debt, and accumulating interest, Musk has to make money too, and the bull case for the acquisition is that Musk, being the visionary that he is, sees something that others don’t, and can clear a pathway to optimal success for the platform – even though most market analysts see no viable pathway to turning any significant profit from the app.
So how will Musk do it?
Here are the areas that Musk is reportedly looking at right now – and to be clear, Musk has come up with these proposals without internal knowledge of the company and its current make up.
- Increasing subscriptions – Musk is reportedly looking to build Twitter Blue into a registration layer, of sorts, with users paying a monthly fee to get a verification tick that confirms that they’re an actual, real person. That could better enable Twitter to tackle bots (as it would make running bot farms cost prohibitive), while it would also ensure a level of transparency in the app, because you would know, based on these new forms of authentication tags, that you’re interacting with a real person, who’s registered their contact and payment details in the app. The economics could be difficult – if Musk were to charge $1 per month for this, that would bring in $229m per month/$2.7b per annum, if the current number of active users stick around, and aren’t all bots. You’d have to assume that quite a few won’t end up paying, which brings this down a lot, and would reduce Twitter’s revenue intake significantly, if this were the only way Twitter could make money in future. For reference, Twitter made $5.08b in revenue in 2021.
- Taking Twitter private – Of course, some of that revenue pressure is lessened if Twitter goes private, as it would no longer be beholden to shareholders who expect to see revenue rise by a defined, acceptable amount. Musk’s view is that Twitter needs to go private to ensure that it can make decisions free from the pressure of outside forces, enabling it to truly become a platform of free speech. The problem with that, of course, is that advertisers will be less comfortable placing ads alongside potentially offensive content – but that then leads into the next stage of Musk’s grand Twitter plan.
- No more ads – This would obviously be the biggest impact from a social media marketing perspective – Musk has said that Twitter should no longer run ads at all to remain truly independent. That then also means that Twitter would need to rely on alternate sources of income, and with ads making up 98% of the company’s revenue, that’s a big hole to fill. Part of Musk’s thinking here may also be that Twitter can cut costs by also removing all of the staff that work on its ad elements, which would be a major cost saving – but even so, if Musk wants to get close to making Twitter profitable, when factoring in its operating expenses versus income, it’ll be a big shortfall to make up. It’s difficult to see how this would be possible, but maybe, Musk knows something that we don’t.
- Charging for tweet embeds – This seems like a bit more of a stretch, but Musk has also reportedly floated the idea of charging websites for embeds of tweets from verified users, with the money potentially going back to the users themselves. That would align with Musk’s push to get more high profile users tweeting more often – maybe, if they can make a few bucks from tweeting, that could act as a motivator to get them sharing more in the app, which could spark more engagement with their fans, and generate more in-app activity overall. Of course, the counter is that people could just screenshot tweets instead, though there are ways that Musk could make tweets copyright protected, which would be even easier if he were to take this next step.
- Make Twitter ‘Pay to play’ for users – This is a more radical move – and to be clear, Musk himself has not proposed this idea, as such, just yet. But aligning with the concept of charging users for a verified user tick (different to the current blue tick for high profile users), Musk could look to make all users pay, or they simply wouldn’t be able to use the app. Your first instinct to this is that no one will pay, right? People can just use Facebook or Instagram or Snapchat instead – so why would anyone pay to simply log on and read tweets? I thought that too, but upon further reflection, I do think that Twitter is a critical platform for many journalists, political and other media types that use tweets to stay up with the latest news. That’s why Twitter is so influential, despite having only a tenth of the active users that Facebook does – while its audience may be smaller, the people that do use Twitter are generally among the most active in their respective industries, and following the latest tweets enables them to lead trends, re-distribute the latest news to their audiences off-platform, remain in-the-know, etc. As such, I suspect that many of them would pay, and if Musk were to lock tweets down, that would mean that they’re no longer publicly accessible, making it much easier to implement charges for tweet embeds, as well as any other re-use of on-platform content.
- Cost-cutting – The other key area that Musk is exploring is cost-cutting, which again aligns with the above points, in that Twitter could cut costs significantly if it no longer ran ads. Twitter spent $1.7b last year on sales and marketing and general admin costs, while it also spent an additional $1.2b on research and development, and $2b on infrastructure. Without ads, those costs could come down a lot, and if Musk can reduce those outgoings in a big way, he could, theoretically, make enough money from his subscription proposals to generate positive cash flow for the app over time, while also enabling it to remain independent, and therefore better able to run with a ‘free speech’ approach.
CBK to Interlink Safaricom and Airtel through Lipa na M-Pesa
The Central Bank of Kenya (CBK) plans to introduce a national payment system that will enable Safaricom’s Lipa na M-Pesa system to accept cash from rival firms like Airtel, allowing a smooth transfer of money in business setups.
Currently, with continuously expanding Airtel subscribers, Safaricom’s Lipa an M-Pesa system cannot accept payment for goods and services by Airtel subscribers, a hurdle the new system will remove.
The CBK plans to introduce the system by 2024.
The CBK said the increased use of mobile money through platforms like Lipa na M-Pesa at agents and merchants lacks interconnection among the telecommunications operators, something that looks awkward in this era.
“This trend is expected to continue increasing once initiatives such as interoperability are fully rolled out, allowing customers to seamlessly transact across the ecosystem irrespective of their provider,” the CBK said.
According to the banking regulator, the value of mobile money transactions through agents as a share of gross domestic product (GDP) has increased to 60 percent in 2021, from 23 percent in 2010.
In 2021, the mobile money transactions were worth over Sh6.9 trillion with over 2.2billion transactions in number.
The ability of different IT systems to communicate and exchange data is called interoperability.
Through interoperability, the CBK will replicate the linkage between M-Pesa and Airtel Money, which was introduced four years ago.
The system will see Airtel deepen in financial inclusion as it will be offered a larger share of the mobile money payments made through merchants.
Safaricom’s M-Pesa is a lucrative mobile money platform which the tech company has been uncomfortable with the campaign to interlink it to rival firms, on stiff competition fears.
“The emergence of a fully integrated ecosystem that is seamlessly interoperable is critical. A strong foundation has already been laid with the rollout of P2P [peer-to-peer] interoperability in 2018 and the industry engagement that culminated in the proposal for a single integrated solution with multiple functionalities (national switch),” the CBK said.
As of September 2021, Safaricom had 258,000 mobile money agents, leaving rivals with the remaining 31,255 outlets. For instance, more than 30 million Kenyans use M-Pesa, not just for sending cash and making payments, but also doing savings and borrowing.
Safaricom’s Lipa na M-Pesa holds 85.8 percent market share of non-cash payment for ordinary goods and services, displaying the depth of the mobile money platform in daily transactions.
“There is limited competition for merchant acceptance in mobile money space. This is also due to limited acceptance of competitor payment instruments,” the CBK said.
“Limited interoperability in the mobile money merchant acceptance space limits payment options available to customers as well.”
The system has overtaken the card payments system managed by banks and their global payments partners like Mastercard and Visa that have largely focused on serving formal customers.
After its launch in 2013, Lipa na M-Pesa has actively recruited both large and small merchants across the country, including supermarkets, fuel stations, corner shops, and hotels.
Other than eliminating risks and costs of handling notes and coins, the use of cashless payments has the advantage of reduced revenue leakages.
Due to increasingly growing digitization and reduced transaction fees by payment service providers, Cashless payments are expected to grow in the coming years.
However, many Kenyans still settle more than 90 percent of their transactions through hard cash. With continuous changes in the digital sector, the percentage will slightly reduce by 2024 when the new system will be in operation.
List of services suspended by the NTSA.
The National Safety and Transport Authority (NTSA) has announced the suspension of seven key services following a High Court ruling delivered last month.
In a public notice published in the local dailies, NTSA said it has halted licensing of driving schools, renewal of driving school licenses, licensing of school instructors as well as renewal of driving school instructor licenses.
Other services affected by the latest disruption include the application of Provisional Driving Licences by driver trainees and test booking for driving school instructors and driver trainees.
A declaration was made by the NTSA after the High Court pronouncement that the 2020 traffic rules were unprocedurally adopted.
On January 27, 2022, Justice Anthony Mrima delivered a ruling ordering the Ministry of Transport to ensure the rules are regularised by the National Assembly and the Senate before implementation.
The Judge directed Transport CS James Macharia to resubmit a copy of the rules and explanatory memorandum to parliament within 14 days.
The court further ruled that in the event that any of the Houses is unable to finalize on the rules, then the rules shall be dealt with under the next term of Parliament.
The case was filed in court by the Driving Schools Association. The association wanted the laws annulled on grounds that there was no public participation.
However, the court found out that there was sufficient public participation and declined to quash the rules.
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