“The only admissible evidence upon the true height of giants is that of the recent date made under impartial medical supervision.”
These were the words of Norris and Ross McWhirter, the founders of Guinness World Records, in 1955. They went on to dismiss claims for legendary giants such as the biblical Og, King of Bashan (allegedly 9 Assyrian cubits, or 494.03 cm/16 ft 2.5 in tall), citing “confusion of units”.
The twins then named Robert Wadlow as the tallest man “of whom there is irrefutable evidence”.
When last measured on 27 June 1940, the mild-mannered American stretched a staggering 2.72 m (8 ft 11.1 in) tall.
Perhaps surprisingly, Robert entered the world no differently from most babies. He was born on 22 February 1918 to two regular-sized parents, weighing an unremarkable 3.85 kg (8.7 lb).
Toddler in teenager’s clothing
Aged eight, he overtook his 5-ft 11-in-tall (180.3-cm) tall father, Harold F Wadlow, and towered over his four younger siblings. When most children were still being carried by their parents, Robert was able to lift his father up the stairs of their family home.
Robert’s incredible height caused a number of medical issues, however, which worsened as he grew older – and taller. Yet as a young boy, he tried his hardest to get involved in the same activities his peers were doing. For example, he became a Boy Scout at the age of 13 and had a customized uniform, tent, and sleeping bag.
However, later that year he would embark on a tour with the hugely popular Ringling Brother Circus, which saw the giant earn worldwide fame.
The quiet, unassuming man took his newfound celebrity status in his stride and used it to earn money from public appearances.
He also did a promotional tour with the International Show Company (now INTERCO), which agreed to make his shoes for free.
This was a blessing for Robert, who had a whopping 47-cm-long (18.5-ft) feet – the equivalent of a US size 37AA (UK size 36, roughly a European size 75) – the largest feet ever. His shoes could cost as much as $100, equal to $1,500 (£1,026) in today’s currency.
Doctors examined Robert and realized that his exceptional size was caused by hyperplasia of his pituitary gland. This condition causes an abnormally high level of the human growth hormone and Robert was never given any treatment to stop it.
With a staggering peak daily food consumption of 8,000 calories, he actually continued to grow taller right up until his death.
Since then, medical technology and treatment have advanced significantly and people who suffer from pituitary gigantisms – such as Sultan Kösen, the tallest man living as of 2017 – are able to have surgery to halt the production of the growth hormone.
Robert’s condition caused him to have difficulty getting around – he had leg braces and a walking stick, but never used a wheelchair.
Sadly, it was Robert’s legs that caused his premature death, aged just 22 years old.
He died at 1:30 a.m. on 15 July 1940 in a hotel in Manistee, Michigan, as a result of a septic blister on his right ankle caused by a brace, which had been poorly fitted only a week earlier.
His last words were “The doctor says I won’t get home for the…celebrations”, a reference to his paternal grandparents’ golden wedding.
The Alton Giant was then buried in Oakwood Cemetery, Alton, in an enormous coffin measuring 3.28 m (10 ft 9 in) long, 81 cm (32 in) wide, and 76 cm (30 in) deep.
In 1986, a life-size statue of Wadlow was erected on College Avenue in Alton, opposite the Alton Museum of History and Art, in honor of the city’s most famous resident.
There are also a number of real-size models of him in a variety of museums across the world.
His influence has even stretched into the music world: in 2005, American singer-songwriter Sufjan Stevens recorded a track titled “The Tallest Man, the Broadest Shoulders”, about Wadlow’s life.
The tallest man ever lives on in the history books and the Guinness World Records archives – an enduring record that perhaps will never be beaten.
For our 60th anniversary, we looked back over the years at the tallest people, from Robert Wadlow to Sultan Kösen (who currently stands 8 ft 2.8 in tall).
In the video below, Guinness World Records Editor-in-Chief Craig Glenday explains how this category is one of our most iconic, featuring archive footage and interviews with medical experts and celebrities.
We also talk to school children who give their take on the challenges that might arise from being the tallest man in the world.
Ways to controll your anger
Anger control is important for helping you avoid saying or doing something you may regret. Before anger escalates, you can use specific strategies for controlling anger.
Go for a walk
Taking a walk can help calm your nerves and reduce anger. Go for a walk, ride your bike, or hit a few golf balls. Anything that gets your limbs pumping is good for your mind and body.
Slip into a quiet room, close your eyes, and practice visualizing yourself in a relaxing scene. Focus on details in the imaginary scene: What color is the water? How tall are the mountains? What do the chirping birds sound like? This practice can help you find calm amidst anger.
When you’re steamed, you may be tempted to let the angry words fly, but you’re more likely to do harm than good. Pretend your lips are glued shut, just like you did as a kid. This moment without speaking will give you time to collect your thoughts.
Imagine forgiving them
Finding the courage to forgive someone who has wronged you takes a lot of emotional skill. If you can’t go that far, you can at least pretend that you’re forgiving them, and you’ll feel your anger slip away.
Home remedies to relieve menstrual cramps
Cramps affect many people before and during their period. While some people only experience mild cramps, others aren’t quite as lucky. In some cases, the pain from period cramps can be extreme and make a serious dent in your daily life.
If period pain is cramping your style every month, there are steps you can take to gain back control.
Here are proven home remedies that may ease your discomfort, and help you get back on track with your busy life.
1. Drink more water
Bloating can cause discomfort and make menstrual cramps worse. Drinking water can reduce bloating during your period and alleviate some of the pain it causes.
Also, drinking hot water can increase blood flow throughout your body and relax your muscles. This can lessen cramps caused by uterine contractions.
2. Enjoy herbal teas
Herbal teas have anti-inflammatory properties and antispasmodic compounds that can reduce the muscle spasms in the uterus that cause cramping.
Drinking chamomile, fennel, or ginger tea is an easy, natural way to relieve menstrual cramps. Plus, herbal teas can have other benefits like stress relief and helping with insomnia.
3. Soak in a tub.
Soaking in a warm bathtub is another way to surround your pelvic muscles with the warmth they need to relax.
You can enhance the pain-relieving power of a good soak by adding a few drops of essential oils — like lavender, sage, or rose — to your bathwater.
4. Try dietary supplements
Vitamin D can help your body absorb calcium and reduce inflammation.
Other supplements, including omega-3, vitamin E, and magnesium, can help reduce inflammation and might even make your periods less painful.
For best results, take supplements every day, not just during your period. Also, because some supplements interact with medications, be sure to ask your doctor before taking anything new.
5. Reach for decaf
Caffeine causes your blood vessels to narrow. This can constrict your uterus, making cramps more painful.
If you need your coffee fixed, switch to decaf during your period. If you rely on caffeine to beat the afternoon slump, eat a snack high in protein or take a quick 10-minute walk to boost your energy.
6. Use a heat patch
Using a heated patch or wrap on your abdomen can help relax the muscles of your uterus. It’s these muscles that cause period cramps.
Heat can also boost circulation in your abdomen, which can reduce pain.
If you’re in pain, exercise might be the last thing on your mind. But even gentle exercise releases endorphins that make you feel happy, reduce pain and relax your muscles.
Fifteen minutes of yoga, light stretching, or walking might be all you need to feel better.
8. Reduce stress
Stress may make cramps worse. Use stress-relief techniques like meditation, deep breathing, yoga, or your own favorite way to relieve stress.
If you’re not sure how to relieve stress, try guided imagery. Simply close your eyes, take a deep breath and imagine a calm, safe place that’s significant to you.
Stay focused on this space for at least a few minutes while you take slow, deep breaths.
9. Massage therapy
Massages may reduce uterine spasms by relaxing the uterus. In order to most effectively manage period cramps, massage therapy should focus on the abdominal area.
But a full body massage that reduces your overall stress may also help to relieve menstrual cramps.
10. Eat anti-inflammatory foods
Some foods can offer natural relief for cramps and they taste great. Anti-inflammatory foods can help promote blood flow and relax your uterus.
Try eating berries, tomatoes, pineapples, and spices like turmeric, ginger, or garlic. Leafy green vegetables, almonds, walnuts, and fatty fish, like salmon, can also help reduce inflammation.
Most Influential Kenyan Entrepreneurs of 2021 .
Churchill is regarded as the father of the comedy industry in Kenya. He runs the multimillion Laugh Industry.
The 43-year-old is credited for nurturing the biggest names including, Professor Hamo, MCA Tricky, Chemutai, MC Jessy, Eric Omondi and Chipukeezy.
Churchill has over 7.3 million followers on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Instagram and Twitter
Esther Akoth, popularly known as Akothee, is a musician who doubles up as a businesswoman.
She is the founder of Akothee Safaris, a tour company based in Kenya. She runs Akothee Foundation, Aknotela Entertainment Ltd and Akothee Homes, a real estate business.
Akothee has over 5.7 million followers across various social media platforms.
The no non-sense entrepreneur has used her huge social media presence for brand influencing.
The self-proclaimed president of single mothers has worked with multiple brands, with the latest being Rosy Tissues Kenya, Muthokinju Services and Premier Foods Ltd.
In 2021, Forbes ranked her the 15th richest musician in Africa with a networth of $ 10 million (KSh 1.09 billion).
With over 4.6 million followers, comedian Jalang’o is one of the influential Kenyan entrepreneurs.
Jalang’o, whose real name is Felix Odiwour, rose to fame after appearing as an actor in the local comedy series Papa Shirandula.
Since then, he never looked back as he used his fame to establish his brand besides working as a radio presenter for different stations, including Radio Maisha, Hot 96, Milele FM and now Kiss 100.
He is the proprietor of Jalang’o TV, with close to half a million subscribers on YouTube.
Timothy Kimani Ndegwa, popularly referred to as Njugush, rose to fame as an actor in the local series Real Househelps of Kawangware.
He quit the show in May 2016, citing changes in scripting and directing. The witty comedian reinvented himself and grew his brand on social media platforms.
Besides posting funny videos on YouTube with over 535,000 subscribers, he has landed multimillion advertising deals with corporates like Safaricom.
Njugush further has 2.1 million followers on Instagram, 1.3 million on Facebook and 150,000 on Twitter.
He is the founder of clothing line, Be Knit, which he manages with his lovely wife Celestine Ndinda aka Wakavinye.
The Keroche heiress was named one of the 30 most promising young entrepreneurs by Forbes in 2018.
She is the daughter of Keroche founder Tabitha Karanja, one of the wealthiest women in Kenya. The 33-year-old is the founder of Nero, a water brand company.
On Instagram, the beauty queen has 1 million followers. In August 2021, Hopper HQ Ranked Anerlisa at number 30 in Africa and 271 worldwide in the list of best-paid celebs on Instagram.
According to Hopper, the beauty gets KSh 436,000 per paid post. Her net worth is estimated at over KSh 1 billion.
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