A decline in credit default provisions, increased uptake of digital transactions and more investments made in government securities are likely to influence Ugandan banks’ earnings for 2021.
Multiple restructuring of distressed loans apparently created opportunity for several banks to save cash usually put aside for bad loan provisions in their books amid anti-Covid measures that left many small businesses crippled or shut down.
Loan restructuring windows provided by the Bank of Uganda (BoU) range from six to 12 months for interested borrowers. Repetitive loan restructuring targeted at distressed borrowers seemingly offered short term financial relief during the lockdown period while minimising the burden of loan default provisions on account of longer credit recovery timelines available in the banking industry, sources claim.
Digital banking channels
Increased uptake of digital banking channels — SMS and internet banking platforms during the lockdown period — triggered lower operating costs for banks that previously relied on physical branches for in-person banking hall transactions. As a result, customer transaction traffic recorded on digital platforms by large banks grew to more than 50 percent of overall transaction volumes last year in a remarkable trend that yielded strong growth in transaction fees but on the flip side triggered new cyber security risks.
“The Central Bank allowed us to undertake as many as three to four loan restructuring exercises for distressed borrowers hit hard by the pandemic. This situation enabled us to minimise credit default provisions during 2021. But some banks that bear heavy credit exposure towards distressed sectors like education, leisure and hospitality plus real estate saw their credit provisions rise because of prolonged default problems.
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Drop in credit default
The realised drop in credit default provisions was deployed in new investments made in treasury bills and bonds, new lending business and other product innovations. Increased uptake levels in the digital banking channels have definitely reduced operating costs but created new cyber security problems,” said a senior executive at DFCU Bank Ltd who requested anonymity on confidentiality rules.
The actual decline in credit default provisions registered by Ugandan banks at the end of last year could not be verified by press time.
Banks to restructure
“The industry regulator allowed banks to restructure loans more than three times in 2021 and this cut loan loss provisioning pressures faced by market players.
Collaboration between the central bank and the telecommunications industry facilitated massive uptake of digital transaction channels during the lockdown period and this directly reduced overall operating costs incurred by commercial banks,” said Wilbrod Owor, the executive director of the Uganda Bankers Association.