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Solar Energy Producers For Home or Business Use To Sign PPAs in New Regulatory

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Businesses and homeowners producing electricity of more than one megawatt from solar will be required to sign Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) with Kenya Power, a rule that is contained in the Net-Metering Regulations 2022.

However, the regulatory details have been opened up for public scrutiny before the Energy ministry finalises them.

Under the new regulation, homeowners and businesses generating clean energy have been capped at 1MW of power.

The producers will be allowed to sell electricity to other consumers on a first-come-first-serve basis.

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Nevertheless, those producing more than 1MW will be compelled to sign PPAs with Kenya Power to enable KPLC to control the tariffs (ensure fixed and predictable tariffs).

“The regulations are meant to avoid cases where people producing over one megawatt want to sell electricity to Kenya Power at rates higher than those contained under a typical PPA,” said an official from Kenya Power.

The proposal comes amid a rise in the number of homes and businesses that have resorted to renewable energy as backup or reliable power supply, especially solar. Also, renewable energy is cheaper compared to other options after overcoming the installation costs.

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Additionally, Kenya is gearing toward a green global, just like the rest of the world. The production and use of renewable energy over non-renewable energy, are highly encouraged to save global warming.

A typical PPA contains rates at which producers sell power to the State-owned power distributors. This will mean that homes and businesses producing the power will supply the excess to Kenya Power at fixed charges.

The shift has also been influenced by a scenario where prosumers (producers and consumers of power) are generating surplus power, hence alternative use has to be figured out, that’s, selling to other users.

The regulations will cover power generated from solar, biogas, geothermal, biomass and small hydropower among other renewable energy sources.

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“All tariff applications, adjudications, and revisions will be conducted in line with the standard procedures of the Authority,” reads the regulations.

However, homes and businesses generating renewable energy for their own use and sale must be licensed by the Energy and Petroleum Regulatory Authority(EPRA).

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How KRA Earned Sh50bn From Banks, Despite Covid-19 Pandemic

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Despite the severe effects emerging from the Covid-19 pandemic, Kenyan commercial banks were reporting double-digit profitability growths resulting from the global crisis, earning huge dividends for their shareholders.

It can be noted that most government institutions discouraged cash transactions in order to contain the pandemic level. This directly promoted digital transactions like mpesa and m-banking.

Besides owners, a new survey has shown that Kenya Revenue Authority(KRA) was the second best beneficiary of the supernormal profits.

According to PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) report, more than a quarter of corporate taxes paid to KRA in the year to December 2021, came from banks.

Corporate taxes

On Wednesday, a report was released on behalf of the Kenya Bankers Association (KBA), indicating the corporate taxes paid to the KRA surpassed 22.82% to Sh50.7 billion. A year earlier, the sector’s corporation tax payment amounted to Sh41.28 billion.

Banks are among the most profitable institutions in Kenya. They are among the biggest revenue generators in a country where tax compliance among corporates is at a low level.

The taxation law requires local companies to pay 30% of their profits as corporate taxes.

A whooping Sh198.24 billion was the total corporate tax paid in Kenya last year, with banks accounting for 25.57% (Sh50.7 billion) of the amount.

“The increase in 2021 compared to 2020 was largely driven by increase in profits with the profit before tax of the banks increasing by 85.17 percent in 2021 relative to 2020,” said the report.

“The profit before a tax increase is aligned to increased economic activity in 2021 as reflected by the GDP growth which grew from a contraction of 0.3 percent in 2020 to 7.5 percent in 2021.”

Check out: Kenya Exits Top 10 UN World Suppliers

According to KRA, the banking sector includes 44 listed lenders, 7 micro financiers, 16 SACCOs, and 38 custodian banks, not forgetting international financiers and bureaus with local offices.

The study focused on both the corporate tax and Value Added Tax (VAT) that it is not able to recover (irrecoverable VAT). Also, the taxes that banks collect as an agent of government such as PAYE.

Overall, the banking industry contributed Sh129.52 billion in taxes accruing from day-to-day operations in the year under the review.

Documented filings from 38 banks which participated were relied on. This represents 97% of the market share.

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Kenya Exits Top 10 UN World Suppliers

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A new report has indicated that Kenyan businesses’ supplies to United Nations (UN) agencies dropped by 11% by last year. This has edged out the country from the top ten spot.

During the period, Kenya’s supplies reached a Sh62.4 billion value compared to the Sh70.3 billion worth of goods supplied a year earlier. A drop of Sh7.9 billion occurred.

However, the report did not give reasons for the drop.

It can be noted that last year was markedmuch affected by Covid-19 pandemic which started in 2020. The pandemic severely affected businesses both locally and globally, destabilizing operations of multinational agencies.

Short-term disruptions rose from the pandemic, provoking long-term changes in daily world operations like business and lifestyle.

Editor’s choice: Solar Energy Producers For Home or Business Use To Sign PPAs in New Regulatory

However, contrary to kenya’s supply ability, its continental brothers like Nigeria and Ethiopia experienced an increase in the supplies. Parhaps, the reason(s) for the controversy was not revealed in the report.

“Procurement from suppliers in Africa rose by $303 million overall due to increased procurement activity by WFP (World Food Programme), IOM (International Organization for Migration) and UNICEF in particular,” says the report.

“Kenya, the largest country by procurement volume in the region, experienced a $67 million (Sh7.9 billion) decrease in procurement between 2020 and 2021, while procurement from suppliers in Nigeria and Ethiopia increased by $92 million (Sh10.8 billion) and $89 million (Sh10.5 billion), respectively.”

Health, the largest procurement sector of the UN system

The largest procurement sector of the UN system remained to be Health.

The sector’s procurement nearly doubled in 2021 to 2020(from $10.6 billion (KSh1.2 trillion) to $5.5 billion(KSh649 billion) respectively.

It should be noted that the UN had increased procurement at the period, as it highly participated in the comabatment of the pandemic.

“A significant part of the increase in the sector was driven by procurement related to Covid-19 vaccines and their distribution,” said the UN whose agencies.

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Science, engineering and construction, were the second-largest sector.

In 2021, procurement in the above sectors represented 12% total UN procurement, hitting $3.5 billion (Sh413 billion.

World’s top UN suppliers

In 2021, the UN sourced goods and services from suppliers in 223 different countries and territories. This represented growth across all geographical regions.

The US maintained its top spot as the giant supplier to the UN. During the period, US supplied goods worthSh271 billion to UN.

Mexico tied the US at the top spot as it supplied goods of the same value in the period.

The UN complex in Kenya

Several UN agencies are hosted in the country, including the UN headquarters in Africa.

See also: Aliko Dangote, how a USD500,000 loan built a USD20Billion net worth June 2022

The complex which lies in the capital city of the country, is the administrative centre of two main UN agencies: United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat).

Additionally, the centre hosts the global headquarters for two programmes — the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) among several others.

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Aliko Dangote, how a USD500,000 loan built a USD20Billion net worth June 2022

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Dangote was born in Kano, Kano State into a wealthy Hausa Muslim family. Dangote’s mother, Mariya Sanusi Dantata, was the daughter of businessman Sanusi Dantata.

Aliko Dangote’s father, Mohammed Dangote, was a business associate of Sanusi Dantata. Through his mother, Dangote is the great-grandson of Alhassan Dantata. The richest West African at the time of his death in 1955.

Dangote was educated at the Sheikh Ali Kumasi Madrasa, followed by Capital High School, Kano. In 1978, he graduated from the Government College, Birnin Kudu.

University Education and Entry into Business

He received a bachelor’s degree in business studies and administration from Al-Azhar University, Cairo.

The Dangote Group was established as a small trading firm in 1977. The same year Dangote relocated to Lagos to expand the company.

Dangote received a $500,000 loan from his uncle, to begin trading in commodities including bagged cement. As well as agricultural goods like rice and sugar.

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Dealings with the Central Bank of Nigeria

In the 1990s, he approached the Central Bank of Nigeria, with the idea that it would be cheaper for the bank to allow his transport company to manage their fleet of staff buses.

A proposal that was also approved. Today, the Dangote Group is one of the largest conglomerates in Africa.

With international operations in Benin, Ghana, Zambia and Togo. The Dangote Group has moved from being a trading company to be the largest industrial group in Nigeria.

Conglomerates in Dangote Group

It encompasses divisions like Dangote Sugar Refinery, Dangote Cement, and Dangote Flour. Dangote Group dominates the sugar market in Nigeria.

Its refinery business is the main supplier (70 percent of the market) to the country’s soft drink companies, breweries and confectioners.

The company employs more than 11,000 people in West Africa. In July 2012, Dangote approached the Nigerian Ports Authority to lease an abandoned piece of land at the Apapa Port, which was approved.

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Largest Sugar Refinery in Africa

He later built facilities for his sugar company there. It is the largest refinery in Africa and the third largest in the world, producing 800,000 tonnes of sugar annually.

The Dangote Group owns salt factories and flour mills and is a major importer of rice, fish, pasta, cement, and fertilizer.

The company exports cotton, cashew nuts, cocoa, sesame seeds, and ginger to several countries.

Other Major Investments

Additionally, it has major investments in real estate, banking, transport, textiles, oil, and gas. In February 2022, Dangote announced the completion of Peugeot assembling facility.

Which is in Nigeria and followed his partnership with Stellantis Group, the parent company of Peugeot, the Kano and Kaduna state government.

The new automobile company, Dangote Peugeot Automobiles Nigeria Limited (DPAN) factory, which is based in Kaduna, commenced operations with the roll-out of Peugeot 301, Peugeot 5008, 3008, 508 and Land Trek. “

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Networth

Dangote became Nigeria’s first billionaire in 2007. Dangote reportedly added $9.2 billion to his personal wealth in 2013, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.

Making him the thirtieth-richest person in the world at the time, and the richest person in Africa. In 2015, the HSBC leaks revealed that Dangote was a HSBC client.

And that he had assets in a tax haven in the British Virgin Islands. As of June 2022, Dangote is the wealthiest person in Africa, with an estimated net worth of US$20 billion.

Read more at https://thebigissue.co.ke

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